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Losses of Steam Admission in Industrial Steam Turbines Depending on Geometrical Parameters

[+] Author Affiliations
David Engelmann, Andreas Schramm, Ronald Mailach

Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany

Thomas Polklas

MAN Diesel & Turbo SE, Oberhausen, Germany

Paper No. GT2014-25172, pp. V01BT27A003; 10 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1B: Marine; Microturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4558-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Due to the range of applications, industrial steam turbines show a compact and modular design including several branches for the admission and/or extraction of process steam. In conjunction with a flexible operation and partial load conditions, it is important to estimate the losses appearing at those branches sufficiently.

Therefore, the results of an extended parameterized numerical study of a T-junction with steam admission are discussed in the first part of the current paper. This study, carried out with a 3D RANS CFD-solver, is used to determine the additional secondary loss, which is caused by deflection of the admitted steam and mixing with the main flow. At this, the loss distribution depends on geometrical parameters of the T-junction such as the area ratio of branch to main pipe diameter and the curvature of the transition piece. The secondary loss, calculated as a function of total pressure loss and local wall shear, is compared with measurement data from literature.

In the second part of the paper the loss calculation procedure is adapted from theoretical computations to two actual industrial steam turbine configurations. First, a 3-stage segment of a high speed turbine which includes a circumferential slot for steam admission is examined. Therefore, flow ratios from 0 to 50 % of admitted steam, compared to main flow, are numerical performed. Second, a 2.5-stage low speed turbine segment with two asymmetrical branches and a fix flow ratio of 40% for the first branch, respectively 80% for the second branch is considered. All invested configurations illustrate how geometrical parameters affect the secondary loss distribution as well as the mixing process within subsequent turbine stages.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Steam , Steam turbines



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