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A New Emergency Stop and Control Valve Design: Part 2 — Validation of Numerical Model and Transient Flow Physics

[+] Author Affiliations
Christian Musch, Frank Deister, Gerta Zimmer, Ingo Balkowski, Peter Brüggemann

Siemens AG, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany

Wolfgang Haslinger

ANSYS Germany GmbH, Otterfing, Germany

Paper No. GT2014-25117, pp. V01BT27A002; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1B: Marine; Microturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4558-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by Siemens Energy Inc.


In order to enhance steam mass flow through a turbine it becomes necessary to reduce the flow resistance of the turbine inlet valves. Consequently, a replacement of the high pressure turbine inlet valves is required. The valve combination described in this paper consists of a control valve and an emergency stop valve, opposite to the control valve. Both valves share a common valve seat. The control valve is a single-seat valve with integral pilot disc. A pre-stoke is introduced to allow for moderate opening forces. The emergency stop valve closes in countercurrent with the steam mass flow.

The flow through the valve is analyzed by steady state and transient computational flow simulations. In addition to the steam mass flow, the forces acting upon the valve are determined. Transient behavior will be investigated by means of analyzing pressure fluctuations. Therefore frequencies caused by the steam flow are determined in the range up to 2000Hz.

It will be shown that neither steady state nor transient simulations with a simple eddy viscosity turbulence model are capable to correctly predict the complex flow inside the valve. More sophisticated turbulence modeling like Large-Eddy simulation is thus inevitable. Furthermore, the physical phenomena causing the transient behavior are discussed. All findings are verified by comparison of the CFD with the measurements.

Copyright © 2014 by Siemens Energy Inc.



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