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Part Load Behavior of a Micro Gas Turbine Fed With Different Fuels

[+] Author Affiliations
Raffaela Calabria, Fabio Chiariello, Patrizio Massoli, Fabrizio Reale

Istituto Motori - CNR, Naples, Italy

Paper No. GT2014-26631, pp. V01BT24A018; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2014-26631
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1B: Marine; Microturbines, Turbochargers and Small Turbomachines; Steam Turbines
  • Düsseldorf, Germany, June 16–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4558-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The performance of a micro gas turbine in terms of global efficiency and exhaust emissions at different loads and methane-hydrogen blends has been experimentally studied. The load was varied from full load down to half load. A critical comparison between experimental data and results of the 3D CFD analysis of the combustor is discussed in order to study the effects of part load operation. Additional objective of the present study is to extend the numerical analysis of the combustor in order to describe the influence of a wider range of hydrogen concentrations in the fuel gas mixture. Numerical simulations were performed through the commercial code ANSYS CFX 14.5. Turbulence model adopted was the RSM RANS model, which ensures a good evaluation of effects of swirled turbulent flows in the combustion chamber. The oxidation of methane is simulated by using multistep kinetics models. They assure a better reproduction of CO emissions with load. Boundary and initial conditions were defined by using experimental data, when available, and results of numerical matching analysis, which assumes importance in case of absence of specific measurements at combustor inlet. Discussion of results is mainly focused on the variation in terms of exhaust gaseous emissions and temperature distributions in the combustor by varying load and fuel. A numerical evaluation of the MGT combustor behavior in critical conditions is also presented.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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