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Managing Fuel Oil Nozzle Coking to Improve Gas Turbine Availability

[+] Author Affiliations
Leo R. Burgett

ABB ALSTOM POWER Inc., Midlothian, VA

Tim Mercer

Savannah Electric & Power Company, Rincon, GA

Paper No. 2000-GT-0177, pp. V003T02A002; 5 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7856-9
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME


Fuel oil nozzle coking has been a continuing problem for operators of gas turbine power plants. Over the years, several “solutions” to eliminate the coking of the fuel oil have been implemented to improve plant reliability and availability. When the fuel oil nozzle is “coked”, the startup and operation of the gas turbine are impaired and an unscheduled outage is needed to clean the fuel oil nozzle.

In 1997, a project was initiated to investigate the coking problem as it affects the operation of the dual fuel burner of the ABB ALSTOM POWER Inc. GT11N1 single burner (SBK) gas turbine. The GT11N1 SBK fuel oil nozzle (see FIGURE 1) was failing to operate properly because of “coked” fuel oil residue on its internal components (stationary and moveable). ABB ALSTOM POWER Inc. teamed with Savannah Electric & Power Company and collected data that indicated adequate nozzle cooling air could reduce the rate of fuel oil coking.

A nozzle cooling air system modification was installed on one of the ABB ALSTOM POWER Inc. 11N1 gas turbines at the Savannah Electric & Power Company McIntosh Power Plant. The modification included an AC motor driven air blower to provide cooling air to the fuel oil nozzle after shutdown of the gas turbine. Inspection of the components inside the fuel oil nozzle showed that very little fuel oil oxidation had occurred inside the nozzle during the three-month test period. By improving the fuel oil nozzle cooling air system, the coking problem can be better managed.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME



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