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Effects of Turbulence and Solidity on the Boundary Layer Development in a Low Pressure Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
W. J. Solomon

Ohio Aerospace Institute, General Electric Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH

Paper No. 2000-GT-0273, pp. V003T01A078; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0273
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7856-9
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

Multiple-element surface hot-film instrumentation has been used to investigate boundary layer development in the 2 stage Low Speed Research Turbine (LSRT). Measurements from instrumentation located along the suction surface of the second stage nozzle at mid-span are presented. These results contrast the unsteady, wake-induced boundary layer transition behaviour for various turbine configurations.

The boundary layer development on two new turbine blading configurations with identical design vector diagrams but substantially different loading levels are compared with a previously published result. For the conventional loading (Zweifel coefficient) designs, the boundary layer transition occurred without laminar separation. At reduced solidity, wake-induced transition started upstream of a laminar separation line and an intermittent separation bubble developed between the wake-influenced areas.

A turbulence grid was installed upstream of the LSRT turbine inlet to increase the turbulence level from about 1% for clean-inlet to about 5% with the grid. The effect of turbulence on the transition onset location was smaller for the reduced solidity design than the baseline. At the high turbulence level, the amplitude of the streamwise fluctuation of the wake-induced transition onset point was reduced considerably. By clocking the first stage nozzle row relative to the second, the alignment of the wake-street from the first stage nozzle with the suction surface of the second stage nozzle was varied. At particular wake clocking alignments, the periodicity of wake induced transition was almost completely eliminated.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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