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Flow Characteristics Inside Circular Injection Holes Normally Oriented to a Crossflow: Part I — Flow Visualizations and Flow Data in the Symmetry Plane

[+] Author Affiliations
Sang Woo Lee, Sang Won Park

Kumoh National University of Technology, Kumi, Kyungbook, Korea

Joon Sik Lee

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Paper No. 2000-GT-0256, pp. V003T01A062; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0256
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7856-9
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

Experimental results are presented which describe flow behavior inside circular injection holes with a sharp square-edged inlet. Oil-film flow visualizations and mean flow data are obtained in the flow symmetry plane of injection holes which are normally oriented to a crossflow. Additional visualizations inside inclined holes are also performed for inclination angles of 30 and 60 degrees. Data are presented for three different length-to-diameter ratio values of L/D = 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0. The blowing ratio is fixed at M = 2.0 in the flow visualizations and takes the values M = 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 in the flow measurements. The normal-injection flow visualization in the case of L/D = 2.0 clearly demonstrates the existence of four distinct near-wall flow regions: an inlet separation region, a reattachment region, a developing region, and a near-exit flow region. When L/D = 1.0 and 2.0, an inlet separation bubble is apparent with a clear imprint of recirculating flow traces especially on the windward side, even though it is not so well organized on the opposite side. For a short hole such as L/D = 0.5, however, the separation bubble with flow recirculation seems to be suppressed by the crossflow. Due to the presence of the inlet separation bubble, actual flow passage is in the form of a converging-diverging channel, regardless of the L/D values. In general, the crossflow stabilizes the inside flow on the leeward side, meanwhile destabilizes it on the windward side. On the contrary, the inclination of the injection hole in the leeward direction of the crossflow stabilizes the flow near the windward wall but destabilizes it near the leeward wall. Relatively short holes such as L/D = 0.5 and 1.0 do not allow the boundary-layer development on the wall. Particularly in the case of L/D = 0.5, a direct interference is observed between the complicated inlet and exit flows. The inlet flow, however, seems to be isolated from the exit flow for a long hole such as L/D = 2.0. It is also found that the potential-core inside the normal injection hole comprises a converging flow region, a diverging flow region, a developing flow region and a deflected flow region by the crossflow.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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