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Measurement of Local Heat Transfer Coefficient and Film Cooling Effectiveness Through Discrete Holes

[+] Author Affiliations
R. F. Martinez-Botas, C. H. N. Yuen

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, England

Paper No. 2000-GT-0243, pp. V003T01A050; 19 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0243
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7856-9
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

An efficient steady-state wide band liquid crystal technique is used to study the film cooling performance of a variety of geometries in a flat plate: a single row of holes, a double row of holes (both in-line and staggered), and a single cooling hole. This method allows temperature information to be captured in one image, without the difficulty involved in a transient experiment. The streamwise inclinations tested are 30°, 60°, and 90°. The freestream is maintained at 13m/s, and at ambient temperature. The range of blowing ratios varied from 0.33 to 2.0. Both heat transfer coefficient and adiabatic cooling effectiveness are measured for all the cases. Air is used to produce a density ratio near unity.

From the range of blowing ratios tested, the most effective film cooling is achieved at a value close to 0.5, for near unity density ratio. It has been revealed that film cooling effectiveness is improved when the jet remains attached to the surface, however, this is generally coupled with an augmentation in heat transfer owing to the disturbance the attached jet causes to the boundary layer. The 30° inclined holes show to be the most effective. Results demonstrate the full coverage capability of liquid crystal thermography.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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