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Effects of Slot Bleed Injection Over a Contoured Endwall on Nozzle Guide Vane Cooling Performance: Part I — Flow Field Measurements

[+] Author Affiliations
Steven W. Burd, Terrence W. Simon

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Paper No. 2000-GT-0199, pp. V003T01A007; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0199
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7856-9
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

Film cooling and secondary flows are major contributors to aerodynamic losses in turbine passages. This is particularly true in low aspect ratio nozzle guide vanes where secondary flows can occupy a large portion of the passage flow field. To reduce losses, advanced cooling concepts and secondary flow control techniques must be considered. To this end, combustor bleed cooling flows introduced through an inclined slot upstream of the airfoils in a nozzle passage were experimentally investigated. Testing was performed in a large-scale, high-pressure turbine nozzle cascade comprised of three airfoils between one contoured and one flat endwall. Flow was delivered to this cascade with high-level (∼9%), large-scale turbulence at a Reynolds number based on inlet velocity and true chord length of 350,000. Combustor bleed cooling flow was injected through the contoured endwall upstream of the contouring at bleed-to-core mass flow rate ratios ranging from 0 to 6%. Measurements with triple-sensor, hot-film anemometry characterize the flow field distributions within the cascade. Total and static pressure measurements document aerodynamic losses. The influences of bleed mass flow rate on flow field mean streamwise and cross-stream velocities, turbulence distributions, and aerodynamic losses are discussed. Secondary flow features are also described through these measurements. Notably, this study shows that combustor bleed cooling flow imposes no aerodynamic penalty. This is atypical of schemes where coolant is introduced within the passage for the purpose of endwall cooling. Also, instead of being adversely affected by secondary flows, this type of cooling is able to reduce secondary flow effects.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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