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An Ericsson Cycle GT Design by LNG Cryogenic Heat Utilization

[+] Author Affiliations
Kirk Hanawa

Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.

Paper No. 2000-GT-0166, pp. V002T04A017; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0166
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7855-2
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

In many LNG receiving terminals worldwide, the cryogenic heat of imported LNG which was liquefied by using 10% energy of natural gas supply1), 2), has been wasted into the sea water mainly through heat exchangers like ORVs (Open Rack Vaporizer)3). This cryogenic heat of 110 K (-256 F) class is considered, however, as an excellent energy source to apply thermodynamic cycles. Several literature, accordingly, are found to improve such high-grade energy potential of LNG regasification process as a low temperature sink, combining with fired heater at 1,100 K (1520 F) class or GT main exhaust gas at 700 K (800 F) class as a high temperature source, through Brayton and Rankine cycles5),6),7),8),9).

This paper presents a typical example of closed “Ericsson” cycle which has the minimum cycle temperature of 157 K (-176 F) from LNG cryogenic heat and the maximum of 550 K (531 F) from the partial HRSG exit heat mixed with the partial GT exit gas. This closed gas turbine, from viewpoints of minor modification to existing power plants and no energy impacts for high temperature source, which would be better than the above-described idea, is able to offer 35% thermal efficiency. And it is recognized that this system would be superior to existing cryogenic generation systems of 20% class operated by Rankine Cycle.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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