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On-Design and Off-Design Performance Analysis of a Gas Turbine Combined Cycle Using the Exergy Method

[+] Author Affiliations
Alcides Codeceira Neto, Pericles Pilidis

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Beds, U.K.

Paper No. 2000-GT-0155, pp. V002T04A007; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0155
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7855-2
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

The present paper describes an on-design and an off-design performance study of gas turbine combined cycle based power plants. The exergy analysis has been carried out along with the performance assessment, considering the overall plant exergetic efficiency and the exergy destruction in the various components of the plant. The exergy method highlights irreversibility within the plant components, and it is of particular interest in this investigation.

A computational analysis has been carried out to investigate the effects of compressor pressure ratio and gas turbine entry temperature on the thermodynamic performance of combined gas / steam power cycles. The exergy analysis has been performed for on-design point calculations, considering single shaft gas turbines with different compressor pressure ratios and turbine entry temperatures. Nearly 100 MW shaft power gas turbine engines burning natural gas fuel have been selected in this study. The off-design calculations have been performed for one of the gas turbines selected from the on-design point studies. For this particular gas turbine engine, fuel has been changed from natural gas to a low calorific value fuel gas originated from the gasification of wood.

The exergy analysis indicates that maximum exergy is destroyed in the combustor, in the case of combined gas / steam cycles burning natural gas. For these studies on-design point, the exergy destruction in the combustor is found to decrease with increasing compressor pressure ratio to an optimum value and with increasing turbine entry temperature.

In the off-design case the gas turbine engine is burning low calorific value fuel originated from the gasification of wood. The maximum exergy destruction occurs in the gasification process, followed by the combustion process in the gas turbine.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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