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Flow and Spray Characteristics of a Lean Fuel Injection Module With Radial Swirlers

[+] Author Affiliations
Woo Seok Seol

Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Taejon, Korea

Yeoung Min Han, Dae Sung Lee

Korea Aerospace Research Institute

Paper No. 2000-GT-0118, pp. V002T02A038; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7855-2
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME


Lean fuel modules are sometimes employed to reduce NOx emissions in aero-engine combustors. With a lean fuel module whose AFR is larger than the stoichiometric AFR, the bulk AFR remains larger than the stoichiometric AFR throughout the combustor, and hence the peak NOx producing regime can be avoided. In addition, by introducing a large amount of air at the fuel injection point and increasing the mixing rate, the existing time of local stoichiometric pockets can be reduced.

In the present study, flow and spray characteristics of a 21AFR lean fuel module, which consists of a pressure jet fuel injector and radial air swirlers, are measured by an adaptive Phase/Doppler technique. Gas phase velocity field, and distributions of droplet size, number density, and liquid phase volume flux are presented for co-swirl and counter-swirl lean modules.

The present study reveals that a strong reverse flow zone is formed by the lean fuel module with radial swirlers. The shape of the reverse flow zone and the reverse flow velocity depend on the swirl direction significantly. The lean fuel module with radial swirlers provides effective atomization, and the SMD distribution near the module exit is quite uniform. The swirl direction has significant effects on the spray characteristics, too.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME



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