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Active Control Analysis for Combustion-Driven Dynamic Instabilities in Gas-Turbine Combustors

[+] Author Affiliations
M. A. Mawid, T. W. Park

Engineering Research and Analysis Company

B. Sekar

Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

Paper No. 2000-GT-0107, pp. V002T02A027; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/2000-GT-0107
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2000: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7855-2
  • Copyright © 2000 by ASME

abstract

A one-dimensional combustor model has been used to simulate combustion-driven dynamic instabilities and then-active control in a generic gas turbine combustor. The combustor model accounts for the unsteady heat release and viscous effects along with choked and open boundaries. Combustion is modeled by using global kinetics for JP-8 fuel. The active control methodology simulated in this study was based upon modulating the primary fuel injection rate. A sinusoidal functional form was implemented to pulse the fuel flow at various frequencies and amounts of pulsated fuel. The numerical results showed that the combustor unstable modes were captured and pressure limit cycle oscillations were attained for certain time lags between the instant of fuel-air mixture injection and heat release. The results also exhibited the effect of varying the time lag to damp out the instability. The simulations also showed that fuel pulsation with frequencies greater or less than the combustor resonant frequencies can suppress the unstable modes.

Copyright © 2000 by ASME

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