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Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Flow Passage With Long Pin Fins and Improving Heat Transfer Coefficient by Adding Turbulence Promoters on a Endwall

[+] Author Affiliations
K. Takeishi

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Takasago, Japan

T. Nakae, M. Hirayama

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Komaki, Japan

K. Watanabe

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Yokohama, Japan

Paper No. 2001-GT-0178, pp. V003T01A054; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/2001-GT-0178
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, June 4–7, 2001
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7852-1
  • Copyright © 2001 by ASME

abstract

Pin fins are normally used for cooling the trailing edge region of a turbine, where their aspect ratio (height H/diameter D) is characteristically low. In small turbine vanes and blades, however, pin fins may also be located in the middle region of the airfoil. In this case, the aspect ratio can be quite large, usually obtaining values greater than 4. Heat transfer tests, which are conducted under atmospheric conditions for the cooling design of turbine vanes and blades, may overestimate the heat transfer coefficient of the pin-finned flow channel for such long pin fins. The fin efficiency of a long pin fin is almost unity in a low heat transfer situation as it would be encountered under atmospheric conditions, but can be considerably lower under high heat transfer conditions and for pin fins made of low thermal conductivity material. A series of tests with corresponding heat transfer models has been conducted in order to clarify the heat transfer characteristics of the long pin-finned flow channel. It is assumed that heat transfer coefficients can be predicted by the linear combination of two heat transfer equations, which were separately developed for the pin fin surface and for tubes in crossflow. To confirm the suggested combined equations, experiments have been carried out, in which the aspect ratio and the thermal conductivity of the pin were the test parameters. To maintain a high heat transfer coefficient for a long pin fin under high-pressure conditions, the heat transfer was augmented by adding a turbulence promoter on the pin-finned endwall surface. A corresponding equation that describes this situation has been developed. The predicted and measured values showed good agreement. In this paper, a comprehensive study on the heat transfer of a long pin-fin array will be presented.

Copyright © 2001 by ASME

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