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Flow Field Simulations of a Gas Turbine Combustor

[+] Author Affiliations
M. D. Barringer, O. T. Richard, J. P. Walter, S. M. Stitzel, K. A. Thole

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. 2001-GT-0170, pp. V003T01A048; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/2001-GT-0170
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 3: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, June 4–7, 2001
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7852-1
  • Copyright © 2001 by ASME

abstract

The flow field exiting the combustor in a gas turbine engine is quite complex considering the presence of large dilution jets and complicated cooling schemes for the combustor liner. For the most part, however, there has been a disconnect between the combustor and turbine when simulating the flow field that enters the nozzle guide vanes. To determine the effects of a representative combustor flow field on the nozzle guide vane, a large-scale wind tunnel section has been developed to simulate the flow conditions of a prototypical combustor. This paper presents experimental results of a combustor simulation with no downstream turbine section as a baseline for comparison to the case with a turbine vane. Results indicate that the dilution jets generate turbulence levels of 15–18% at the exit of the combustor with a length scale that closely matches that of the dilution hole diameter. The total pressure exiting the combustor in the near wall region neither resembles a turbulent boundary layer nor is it completely uniform putting both of these commonly made assumptions into question.

Copyright © 2001 by ASME

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