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Computational Analysis of Passive Stall Delay Through Vaned Recess Treatment

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Ghila, A. Tourlidakis

Cranfield University, Cranfield, Bedford, UK

Paper No. 2001-GT-0342, pp. V001T03A038; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/2001-GT-0342
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Marine; Turbomachinery; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, June 4–7, 2001
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7850-7
  • Copyright © 2001 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents a computational investigation of flows in a single axial flow fan with and without casing treatment. It analyses the effect of the recess casing treatment on stall margin improvement as well as its influence on global performance parameters. The paper seeks to offer a contribution to the understanding of the physical processes occurring when approaching stall and the working mechanism by which casing treatments improve stall margin.

A Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes CFD code was used for the analysis and the numerical investigation of the overall performance, efficiency and work-input characteristics of the fan were found to agree very well with previously reported experimental results. The effect of casing treatment was investigated using two types of configurations, vaneless and vaned casing. The vaneless casing treatment produced a sizeable stall margin improvement with negligible loss of efficiency. The recess was fitted later with vanes and was shown to offer both a further stall margin improvement and an increase in the pressure rise coefficient without any significant drop in efficiency at design conditions.

Copyright © 2001 by ASME

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