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Numerical Investigation of Different Tip Gap Shape Effects on Aerodynamic Performance of an Axial-Flow Compressor Stator

[+] Author Affiliations
Xicheng Jia, Zhengming Wang, Ruixian Cai

Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Paper No. 2001-GT-0337, pp. V001T03A036; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/2001-GT-0337
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Marine; Turbomachinery; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, June 4–7, 2001
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7850-7
  • Copyright © 2001 by ASME

abstract

An efficient numerical method is applied to investigate the influence of different tip gap shapes on the performance of an axial-flow compressor stator under the condition of rotating hub or stationary hub. Tip gap shapes considered in this paper include zero gap, uniform gap, and linearly varying gap. The analysis of the results shows, at least for these test cases, tip leakage vortex can be found to generate earlier for stationary hub cases than for rotating hub cases. On the same working conditions, the blade row with zero gap has not the highest efficiency, while the blade row with smaller tip gap can attain higher efficiency due to the role of tip leakage flow the direction of which is opposite to the secondary flow in the passage near the hub. For the same circumferential leakage area in the tip region, the blade row with linearly expanding gap can obtain higher efficiency. The work of this paper can provide a useful reference for optimum design of compressor stator.

Copyright © 2001 by ASME

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