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Stall Inception in a High-Speed Centrifugal Compressor

[+] Author Affiliations
Jeong-Seek Kang, Shin-Hyoung Kang

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Paper No. 2001-GT-0301, pp. V001T03A006; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/2001-GT-0301
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2001: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Marine; Turbomachinery; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, June 4–7, 2001
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7850-7
  • Copyright © 2001 by ASME

abstract

Stall inception in a high-speed centrifugal compressor has been examined. The main objective was to find stall precursor and to develop a reliable stall warning method. Eight equally spaced fast-response pressure transducers in the inducer detected the spatial structure of small amplitude perturbations, via spatial Fourier transform, as stall is approached. Near the stall inception point, the phase of spatial Fourier coefficients increased linearly with the speed of impeller rotation for several impeller revolutions at all test speeds, and the spectrum at impeller frequency increased as stall is approached. This is the clear evidence that the impeller frequency participates in the stalling process.

For stall warning, a method which uses the spectrum at impeller frequency is suggested. The use of spectrum at impeller frequency as a stall warning method showed a warning time of about two hundreds impeller revolutions. This method uses only one sensor that it has made the stall warning method more useful. And the well-known traveling wave energy method proved to be a good method for stall warning also in a high-speed centrifugal compressor. The warning time was about one hundred impeller revolutions at lower speeds, and about one thousand impeller revolutions at higher speeds. The stall warning methods used here were found to be robust and reliable. Therefore, it seems to be promising to set up a reliable stall avoidance control based on this analysis.

Copyright © 2001 by ASME

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