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Thermal Transport to Sessile Droplets on Superhydrophobic Surfaces With Rib and Cavity Features

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Hays, J. Crockett, D. Maynes, B. W. Webb

Brigham Young University, Provo, UT

Paper No. IMECE2013-63780, pp. V08CT09A054; 11 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8C: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • San Diego, California, USA, November 15–21, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5636-9
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


This paper reports on measurements of thermal transport to solitary sessile water drops placed on heated superhydrophobic substrates at constant temperature. Data was obtained by heating the surfaces to specified constant temperatures and gently placing a single water droplet of nominally 3 mm diameter on the surface. The droplet was allowed to evaporate completely while two video cameras and one infrared camera imaged it during the evaporation process. The images were post-processed to yield transient geometric and thermal information, including droplet volume, projected droplet-substrate contact area, and droplet temperature. The total evaporation time and Nusselt and Grashof numbers were determined from the measurements. For all scenarios, the substrate temperature was maintained below the saturation temperature of water and was varied from 60 to 100 °C. Three different rib-patterned superhydrophobic substrates were investigated of 0.5, 0.8, and 0.95 cavity fraction, respectively. The rib features ranged in width from 2 to 30 μm and in height from 15 to 20 μm, while the cavities between the ribs ranged in width from 30 to 38 μm. Results were also obtained for a smooth hydrophobic substrate for comparison purposes. Droplet evaporation times increase with substrate cavity fraction and decrease with increasing substrate temperature. Heat transfer rates decrease with increasing substrate cavity fraction and increase with substrate temperature. The Nusselt number generally increases with the Grashof number raised to the 1/4 power, and Nusselt number is larger for lower cavity fraction substrates.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Drops , Cavities



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