0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

A Study of Spatially-Resolved Non-Equilibrium in Laser-Irradiated Graphene Using Boltzmann Transport Equation

[+] Author Affiliations
Ajit K. Vallabhaneni, Xiulin Ruan

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

James Loy, Jayathi Murthy

University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

Dhruv Singh

Intel Corporation, Hillsboro, OR

Paper No. IMECE2013-66095, pp. V08CT09A020; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2013-66095
From:
  • ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 8C: Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering
  • San Diego, California, USA, November 15–21, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5636-9
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Raman spectroscopy is typically used to characterize graphene in experiments and also to measure properties like thermal conductivity and optical phonon lifetime. The laser-irradiation processes underlying this measurement technique include coupling between photons, electrons and phonons. Recent experimental studies have shown that e-ph scattering limits the performance of graphene-based electronic devices due to the difference in their timescales of relaxation resulting in various bottleneck effects. Furthermore, recently published thermal conductivity measurements on graphene are sensitive to the laser spot size which strengthens the possibility of non-equilibrium between various phonon groups. These studies point to the need to study the spatially-resolved non-equilibrium between various energy carriers in graphene. In this work, we demonstrate non-equilibrium in the e-ph interactions in graphene by solving the linearized electron and phonon Boltzmann transport equations (BTE) iteratively under steady state conditions. We start by assuming that all the electrons equilibrate rapidly to an elevated temperature under laser-irradiation and they gradually relax by phonon emission and reach a steady state. The electron and phonon BTEs are coupled because the e-ph scattering rate depends on the phonon population while the rate of phonon generation depends on the e-ph scattering rate. We used density-functional theory/density-functional perturbation theory (DFT/DFPT) to calculate the electronic eigen states, phonon frequencies and the e-ph coupling matrix elements. We calculated the rate of energy loss from the hot electrons in terms of the phonon generation rate (PGR) which serve as an input for solving the BTE. Likewise, ph-ph relaxation times are calculated from the anharmonic lattice dynamics (LD)/FGR. Through our work, we obtained the spatially resolved temperature profiles of all the relevant energy carriers throughout the entire domain; these are impossible to obtain through experiments.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In