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Generation of Pressure Distribution Inside a Decay Tank in a Research Reactor Using CFD

[+] Author Affiliations
Seong Hoon Kim, Kyoungwoo Seo, Dae-young Chi, Juhyeon Yoon

KAERI, Daejeon, South Korea

Paper No. IMECE2013-63934, pp. V07AT08A043; 3 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7A: Fluids Engineering Systems and Technologies
  • San Diego, California, USA, November 15–21, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5631-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The Primary Cooling System (PCS) of a research reactor circulates coolant to remove the heat produced in the fuel or irradiation device. The core outlet coolant contains many kinds of radionuclides because it passes the reactor core [1]. As N-16 among them emits a very hard gamma ray, it not only causes radiation damage to some components but also requires very heavy shielding of the primary cooling loop. Since its half-life is 7.13s, its level can be effectively lowered by installing a decay tank including an internal structure to provide a transit time [2]. To ensure that the N-16 activity decreases enough before the coolant leaves the heavily shielded decay tank room, perforated plates are installed inside the decay tank. The perforated plates are designed to disturb and delay the PCS flow. Normally, when a flow from a relative narrow inlet nozzle goes out to an enlarged tank, it becomes a complex turbulent flow inside the tank. In addition, the PCS flow is frequently changed from zero to a normal flow rate owing to the research reactor characteristics. Thus, the integrity of the perforated plate shall be verified with the pump operation and shutdown condition.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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