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Computer Modeling and Simulation Framework for Particulate Spray Based Manufacturing Processes

[+] Author Affiliations
Debanjan Mukherjee, Tarek Zohdi

University of California, Berkeley, CA

Paper No. IMECE2013-64933, pp. V02AT02A097; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2013-64933
From:
  • ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2A: Advanced Manufacturing
  • San Diego, California, USA, November 15–21, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5618-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Particulate media are ubiquitous in modern manufacturing processes. These include spray-forming, abrasive finishing, and sintering based processes amongst others. All of these processes involve a flowing stream of discrete, particulate media. For these processes, the aggregate behavior originating from the individual particle or grain dynamics is of critical importance from a process engineering perspective. The discrete nature of the media poses unique challenges in formulating direct continuum theories. This motivates investigating appropriate discrete computational techniques. In this paper, we present a computer simulation framework based on collision driven particle dynamics to investigate the engineering of such manufacturing processes. This is part of an ongoing work on developing a general-purpose computer simulation tool to analyze the dynamics of particulate and granular media in engineering applications. This paper presents the overall framework and the underlying physical models. In particular, our focus is on modeling individual particle-based phenomena (including collisions, heat-exchange, and energy loss) and deriving the aggregate response of the media from individual particle dynamics. The technique is demonstrated using a numerical example for a spray coating deposition process. This example tracks the particulate behavior from the nozzle opening downstream until impact with substrate. Such investigations are useful to understand the effect of process parameters on the engineered output — which in this case entails the properties of the surface coating. The simulation is found to be reasonable in performance time.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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