Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Mechanics of Embryonic Head Fold Morphogenesis

[+] Author Affiliations
Victor D. Varner, Larry A. Taber

Washington University, St. Louis, MO

Dmitry A. Voronov

Washington University, St. Louis, MORussian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Paper No. SBC2008-193032, pp. 581-582; 2 pages
  • ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B
  • Marco Island, Florida, USA, June 25–29, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4321-5
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Head fold morphogenesis constitutes the first discernible epithelial folding event in the embryonic development of the chick. It arises at Hamburger and Hamilton (HH) stage 6 (approximately 24 hours into a 21-day incubation period) and establishes the anterior extent of the embryo [1]. At this stage, the embryonic blastoderm is composed of three germ layers (endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm), which are organized into a flat layered sheet that overlies the fibrous vitelline membrane (VM). Within this blastodermal sheet, a crescent-shaped head fold develops just anterior to the elongating notochord, spanning across the embryonic midline at the rostral end of neural plate. At the crest of this fold, the bilateral precardiac plates fuse in a cranial to caudal direction and give rise to the primitive heart tube and foregut [2, 3]. An understanding of head fold morphogenesis may thus offer insight into how embryonic tissues are arranged to make ready for proper cardiac formation.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In