Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Sliding Contact Modulates ECM Expression in Chondroctye-Laden Agarose Gels

[+] Author Affiliations
Alice H. Huang, Robert L. Mauck

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Paper No. SBC2007-176427, pp. 1011-1012; 2 pages
  • ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • ASME 2007 Summer Bioengineering Conference
  • Keystone, Colorado, USA, June 20–24, 2007
  • Conference Sponsors: Bioengineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4798-5
  • Copyright © 2007 by ASME


Articular cartilage provides a low-friction bearing surface for transmitting the forces that arise with joint motion. Because cartilage possesses a limited capacity for repair, trauma or progressive joint disease leads to destruction of the joint surface [1]. Limitations in current repair strategies have increased interest in cartilage tissue engineering (TE), although to date, generating a construct with the mechanical complexity of the native tissue remains a challenge. In our previous long-term free swelling studies, and in other gel systems, the tensile properties of cell-seeded hydrogels remain far lower than those of the native tissue [2–4]. One approach for furthering tissue growth is the application of mechanical signals to engineered constructs. In developing joints, inhibition of mechanical forces results in incomplete cartilage formation [5,6]. Mechanical forces continue to play a vital role in cartilage maturation after birth; physiologic loading remodels the tissue and increases the tensile properties and spurs development of anisotropy [7,8]. In chondrocyte-seeded TE constructs, dynamic axial mechanical stimulation improves compressive properties and biochemical content [9], though the collagen content and tensile and dynamic properties remain low. As the tensile properties of cartilage emerge with load-bearing use, more complete recapitulation of the mechanical environment that arises with motion may further the maturation of engineered constructs. To test this hypothesis, we developed a sliding contact bioreactor mimicking two contacting cartilage layers and show that ECM gene expression is modulated by this loading modality depending on the duration of loading and pre-maturation of the construct.

Copyright © 2007 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In