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Altitude and Crosswind Motion Control for Optimal Power-Point Tracking in Tethered Wind Energy Systems With Airborne Power Generation

[+] Author Affiliations
Chris Vermillion

Altaeros Energies, Boston, MA

Paper No. DSCC2013-3796, pp. V003T49A001; 9 pages
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Nonlinear Estimation and Control; Optimization and Optimal Control; Piezoelectric Actuation and Nanoscale Control; Robotics and Manipulators; Sensing; System Identification (Estimation for Automotive Applications, Modeling, Therapeutic Control in Bio-Systems); Variable Structure/Sliding-Mode Control; Vehicles and Human Robotics; Vehicle Dynamics and Control; Vehicle Path Planning and Collision Avoidance; Vibrational and Mechanical Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Control
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5614-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


This paper presents a control strategy that combines altitude and crosswind motion control for tethered wind energy systems with airborne turbines and generators. The proposed algorithm adjusts altitude and induces an appropriate level of crosswind motion to present the system with an apparent wind speed that most closely meets, but does not exceed, the rated wind speed of the on-board turbine(s), thereby tracking the turbine’s optimal power point. The adjustment of both altitude and motion control, along with the reduction in crosswind motion and altitude when the rated wind speed is exceeded, differentiates the proposed control architecture from other strategies proposed in the literature. Initial control laws and simulation results are presented for the Altaeros lighter-than-air wind energy system.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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