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Structural Dynamic Imaging Through Interfaces Using Piezoelectric Actuation and Laser Vibrometry for Diagnosing the Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Christopher C. Watson, Jeffrey F. Rhoads, Douglas E. Adams

Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN

Paper No. DSCC2013-4007, pp. V003T42A005; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Nonlinear Estimation and Control; Optimization and Optimal Control; Piezoelectric Actuation and Nanoscale Control; Robotics and Manipulators; Sensing; System Identification (Estimation for Automotive Applications, Modeling, Therapeutic Control in Bio-Systems); Variable Structure/Sliding-Mode Control; Vehicles and Human Robotics; Vehicle Dynamics and Control; Vehicle Path Planning and Collision Avoidance; Vibrational and Mechanical Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Control
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5614-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In many engineering applications, diagnostic techniques are needed to characterize the mechanical properties of internal components that are not readily visible at the surface of an object, as in the use of nondestructive testing to detect sub-surface damage in composite materials. Understanding the role of structural interfaces between two bodies is a key factor in developing these diagnostic techniques because the mechanical and geometric properties of the interface determine the degree to which measurements on the surface can be used to interrogate sub-surface components. In this paper, vibration measurements on a polycarbonate material, henceforth referred to as the buffer, are used to characterize the mechanical properties of a polymer particulate composite, henceforth referred to as the target, which is located beneath the buffer. To this end, a three-dimensional laser Doppler vibrometer and piezoelectric inertial actuator are used to measure the broadband response of the two-body structural dynamic system. Because of the importance of the actuator dynamics to the diagnostic measurements, a descriptive model is developed to better understand these dynamics and interpret the results. The longitudinal dynamics of the two-body system are shown to involve stronger coupling between the target and buffer materials as compared to the transverse dynamics. A Complex Mode Indicator Function is then used to extract the modal deflection shapes, and it is shown that the interface between the bodies introduces complexity in the dynamic response. Changes in the surface velocity of the buffer material are also studied as a function of a key mechanical property — the volume fraction of crystals in the target composite material. It is demonstrated that both the linear and nonlinear vibration characteristics of the buffer material change as a function of the composition of the target material, suggesting that a compositional diagnostic procedure is possible using surface vibration measurements.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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