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Statistics Based Detection and Isolation of UEGO Sensor Faults

[+] Author Affiliations
Hassene Jammoussi, Imad Makki, Dimitar Filev

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Matthew Franchek

University of Houston, Houston, TX

Paper No. DSCC2013-3798, pp. V003T42A001; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2013-3798
From:
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Nonlinear Estimation and Control; Optimization and Optimal Control; Piezoelectric Actuation and Nanoscale Control; Robotics and Manipulators; Sensing; System Identification (Estimation for Automotive Applications, Modeling, Therapeutic Control in Bio-Systems); Variable Structure/Sliding-Mode Control; Vehicles and Human Robotics; Vehicle Dynamics and Control; Vehicle Path Planning and Collision Avoidance; Vibrational and Mechanical Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Control
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5614-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Stringent emission regulations mandated by California air regulation board (CARB) require monitoring the upstream exhaust gas oxygen (UEGO) sensor for any possible malfunction causing the vehicle emissions to exceed certain thresholds. Six faults have been identified to potentially cause the UEGO sensor performance to deteriorate and potentially lead to instability of the air-fuel ratio (AFR) control loop. These malfunctions are either due to an additional delay or an additional lag in the transition of the sensor response from lean to rich or rich to lean. Current technology detects the faults the same way (approximated by a delay type fault) and does not distinguish between the different faults. In the current paper, a statistics based approach is developed to diagnose these faults. Specifically, the characteristics of a non-normal distribution function are estimated based on the UEGO sensor output and used to detect and isolate the faults. When symmetric operation is detected, a system identification process is employed to estimate the parameters of the dynamic system and determine the type of operation. The proposed algorithm has been demonstrated on real data obtained from both Ford F150 and Mustang V6 vehicles.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Sensors

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