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Robust Sideslip Angle Estimation for Lightweight Vehicles Using Smooth Variable Structure Filter

[+] Author Affiliations
Xiaoyu Huang, Junmin Wang

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. DSCC2013-3775, pp. V003T41A001; 8 pages
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 3: Nonlinear Estimation and Control; Optimization and Optimal Control; Piezoelectric Actuation and Nanoscale Control; Robotics and Manipulators; Sensing; System Identification (Estimation for Automotive Applications, Modeling, Therapeutic Control in Bio-Systems); Variable Structure/Sliding-Mode Control; Vehicles and Human Robotics; Vehicle Dynamics and Control; Vehicle Path Planning and Collision Avoidance; Vibrational and Mechanical Systems; Wind Energy Systems and Control
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5614-7
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In the design of vehicle stability control (VSC) systems for ground vehicles, sideslip angle plays a vital role and its estimation has long been an active research topic. Accurate estimation of sideslip angle is more difficult for lightweight vehicles (LWVs) because their parameters are prone to significant changes with loading conditions — the amount and position of the payload. In this paper, a robust sideslip angle estimator based on a recently emerging smooth variable structure filter (SVSF) is presented. This sideslip angle estimator is suitable for LWVs because it is almost non-sensitive to the changes of the system parameters. A four-state vehicle lateral dynamic model including a pseudo-Burckhardt tire model is employed in the filter design. Compared with the widely utilized extended Kalman filter (EKF), the SVSF shows much better robustness against modeling errors. It is also more favorable in terms of tuning effort and computational speed. Simulation studies were conducted based on a high-fidelity vehicle model in CarSim®, where the vehicle took the form of a lightweight electric ground vehicle with independent in-wheel motors. The performance of the SVSF was shown by comparisons against the EKF under different settings for model parameters.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Vehicles , Filters



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