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Stability of Connected Vehicle Platoons With Delayed Acceleration Feedback

[+] Author Affiliations
Jin I. Ge, Sergei S. Avedisov, Gábor Orosz

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. DSCC2013-4040, pp. V002T30A006; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2013-4040
From:
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Control, Monitoring, and Energy Harvesting of Vibratory Systems; Cooperative and Networked Control; Delay Systems; Dynamical Modeling and Diagnostics in Biomedical Systems; Estimation and Id of Energy Systems; Fault Detection; Flow and Thermal Systems; Haptics and Hand Motion; Human Assistive Systems and Wearable Robots; Instrumentation and Characterization in Bio-Systems; Intelligent Transportation Systems; Linear Systems and Robust Control; Marine Vehicles; Nonholonomic Systems
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5613-0
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Wireless vehicle-to-vehicle communication technologies such as the dedicated short range communication (DSRC) may be used to assist drivers in sensing and responding to impalpable information such as the precise acceleration of vehicles ahead. In this paper, we investigate the impact of delayed acceleration feedback on traffic flow using a nonlinear car-following model. It is shown that acceleration feedback can improve the stability of uniform traffic flow, though excessive acceleration feedback leads to undesired high frequency oscillations. Additionally, time delays in the communication channel may shrink the stable domain by introducing mid-frequency oscillations. Finally, we show that one may stabilize vehicle platoons using delayed acceleration feedback even in cases when finite driver reaction time would destabilize the system. Our results may lead to more robust cruise control systems with increased driver comfort in connected vehicle environment.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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