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Optimal Subcooling in Vapor Compression Systems via Extremum Seeking Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Justin P. Koeln, Andrew G. Alleyne

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

Paper No. DSCC2013-3934, pp. V001T13A005; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2013-3934
From:
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 1: Aerial Vehicles; Aerospace Control; Alternative Energy; Automotive Control Systems; Battery Systems; Beams and Flexible Structures; Biologically-Inspired Control and its Applications; Bio-Medical and Bio-Mechanical Systems; Biomedical Robots and Rehab; Bipeds and Locomotion; Control Design Methods for Adv. Powertrain Systems and Components; Control of Adv. Combustion Engines, Building Energy Systems, Mechanical Systems; Control, Monitoring, and Energy Harvesting of Vibratory Systems
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5612-3
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Building systems constitute a significant portion of the overall energy consumed each year in the U.S., and a large portion of this energy is used by air-conditioning systems. Therefore, the efficiency of these systems is important. This paper presents a method to increase system efficiency using an alternative system architecture for vapor compression systems. This architecture creates an additional degree of freedom which allows for independent control of condenser subcooling. It is found that there exists a non-zero subcooling that maximizes system efficiency; however, this optimal subcooling can change with different operating conditions. Thus, extremum seeking control is applied to find and track the optimal subcooling using only limited information of the system. In a simulation case study, a 10% reduction in energy consumption is reported when using the alternative system architecture and extremum seeking control when compared to a conventional system configuration.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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