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Observer Based Oxygen Fraction Estimation for a Dual-Loop EGR Diesel Engine Fueled With Biodiesel Blends

[+] Author Affiliations
Junfeng Zhao, Junmin Wang

The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. DSCC2013-3763, pp. V001T11A001; 7 pages
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 1: Aerial Vehicles; Aerospace Control; Alternative Energy; Automotive Control Systems; Battery Systems; Beams and Flexible Structures; Biologically-Inspired Control and its Applications; Bio-Medical and Bio-Mechanical Systems; Biomedical Robots and Rehab; Bipeds and Locomotion; Control Design Methods for Adv. Powertrain Systems and Components; Control of Adv. Combustion Engines, Building Energy Systems, Mechanical Systems; Control, Monitoring, and Energy Harvesting of Vibratory Systems
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5612-3
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


This paper investigates the influence of biodiesel on the effectiveness of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) in modern Diesel engines equipped with dual-loop EGR systems. Intake manifold oxygen fraction, which is an important factor for both combustion and emissions, is selected as a new reference for evaluating the equivalent EGR level instead of EGR ratio. A Luenberger-like observer for the oxygen fraction is designed based on the dynamic model of the air-path loop with consideration of the existence of oxygen content in the fuel. The convergence of the observer is proved with the assistance of some physical insight into the engine system. The performance of the observer is validated on a high-fidelity engine model built in GT-Power. The results show that when the same amount of fuel is injected, there is an increase in the exhaust oxygen concentration for biodiesel as oxygen content in fuel increases. Then the higher exhaust oxygen concentration leads to an increase in the intake manifold oxygen fraction, since the engine control unit (ECU) commanded EGR valve angles are constant across different fuels. This real-time oxygen fraction estimation approach is potentially useful for mitigating the biodiesel NOx emission effect.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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