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Robot Guided Sheaths (RoGS) for Percutaneous Access to the Pediatric Kidney: Patient-Specific Design and Preliminary Results

[+] Author Affiliations
Tania K. Morimoto, Michael H. Hsieh, Allison M. Okamura

Stanford University, Stanford, CA

Paper No. DSCC2013-3917, pp. V001T08A004; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2013-3917
From:
  • ASME 2013 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 1: Aerial Vehicles; Aerospace Control; Alternative Energy; Automotive Control Systems; Battery Systems; Beams and Flexible Structures; Biologically-Inspired Control and its Applications; Bio-Medical and Bio-Mechanical Systems; Biomedical Robots and Rehab; Bipeds and Locomotion; Control Design Methods for Adv. Powertrain Systems and Components; Control of Adv. Combustion Engines, Building Energy Systems, Mechanical Systems; Control, Monitoring, and Energy Harvesting of Vibratory Systems
  • Palo Alto, California, USA, October 21–23, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5612-3
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Robot-guided sheaths consisting of pre-curved tubes and steerable needles are proposed to provide surgical access to locations deep within the body. In comparison to current minimally invasive surgical robotic instruments, these sheaths are thinner, can move along more highly curved paths, and are potentially less expensive. This paper presents the patient-specific design of the pre-curved tube portion of a robot-guided sheath for access to a kidney stone; such a device could be used for delivery of an endoscope to fragment and remove the stone in a pediatric patient. First, feasible two-dimensional paths were determined considering workspace limitations, including avoidance of the ribs and lung, and minimizing collateral damage to surrounding tissue by leveraging the curvatures of the sheaths. Second, building on prior work in concentric-tube robot mechanics, the mechanical interaction of a two-element sheath was modeled and the resulting kinematics was demonstrated to achieve a feasible path in simulation. In addition, as a first step toward three-dimensional planning, patient-specific CT data was used to reconstruct a three-dimensional model of the area of interest.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Robots , Design , Kidney , Pediatrics

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