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A Comparative Study on the Synthesis and Properties of Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) and Lanthana Doped YSZ Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings

[+] Author Affiliations
S. T. Aruna, N. Balaji, B. Arul Paligan

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research - National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore, India

Paper No. GTINDIA2013-3563, pp. V001T08A003; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/GTINDIA2013-3563
From:
  • ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • Bangalore, Karnataka, India, December 5–6, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-3516-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Ceramic thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) have been used for decades to extend the life of combustors and high temperature turbine stationary and rotating components to increase the operating temperature and in turn the performance of gas turbines or diesel engines can be increased. At present, thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) of Y2O3 partially stabilized ZrO2 (YSZ) films are widely used. In recent years ceramic compositions useful in thermal barrier coatings having reduced thermal conductivity are being explored to further increasing the operating temperature of gas turbines and improve the engine efficiency. In the present study, a comparison of the properties of state-of-the art 8wt% yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and lanthana doped YSZ plasma sprayed coatings is presented. Plasma sprayable powders were prepared in the laboratory by a single step precipitation method and characterized. Both the powders had good flowability. These powders were plasma sprayed at identical critical plasma spray parameters. The coatings were characterized for phase, microstructure and thermal conductivity. Both the powders and coatings exhibited tetragonal form of zirconia and no traces of lanthana were observed. Both the coatings exhibited similar porosity levels. Microstructure of the coatings revealed porous coating with good adhesion of the bondcoat with the topcoat. Plasma sprayed 8wt% YSZ and lanthana doped YSZ exhibited thermal conductivity values of 0.88 and 0.67 W m−1 K−1 respectively which is lower than that reported in literature. This study shows that lanthana doping in YSZ helps in lowering the thermal conductivity and hence this coating may be a potential candidate for TBC application.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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