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Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Effect of Blowing Ratio on Film Cooling Effectiveness and Heat Transfer Coefficient Over a Gas Turbine Blade Leading Edge Film Cooling Configurations

[+] Author Affiliations
Yepuri Giridhara Babu, Jesuraj Felix, Nanjundaiah Vinod Kumar

CSIR-NAL, Bangalore, KA, India

Gururaj Lalgi, Sreenivas Rao V. Kenkere

Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumkur, KA, India

Ashok Babu Talanki Puttarangasetty

NITK, Surathkal, Mangalore, KA, India

Paper No. GTINDIA2013-3552, pp. V001T04A002; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GTINDIA2013-3552
From:
  • ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • Bangalore, Karnataka, India, December 5–6, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-3516-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Film cooling is one of the cooling techniques to cool the hot section components of a gas turbine engines. The gas turbine blade leading edges are the vital parts in the turbines as they are directly hit by the hot gases, hence the optimized cooling of gas turbine blade surfaces is essential. This study aims at investigating the film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient experimentally and numerically for the three different gas turbine blade leading edge models each having the one row of film cooling holes at 15, 30 and 45 degrees hole orientation angle respectively from stagnation line. Each row has the five holes with the hole diameter of 3mm, pitch of 20mm and has the hole inclination angle of 20deg. in spanwise direction. Experiments are carried out using the subsonic cascade tunnel facility of National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore at a nominal flow Reynolds number of 1,00,000 based on the leading edge diameter, varying the blowing ratios of 1.2, 1.50, 1.75 and 2.0. In addition, an attempt has been made for the film cooling effectiveness using CFD simulation, using k-€ realizable turbulence model to solve the flow field. Among the considered 15, 30 and 45 deg. models, both the cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficient shown the increase with the increase in hole orientation angle from stagnation line. The film cooling effectiveness increases with the increase in blowing ratio upto 1.5 for the 15 and 30 deg. models, whereas on the 45 deg. model the increase in effectiveness shown upto the blowing ratio of 1.75. The heat transfer coefficient values showed the increase with the increase in blowing ratio for all the considered three models. The CFD results in the form of temperature, velocity contours and film cooling effectiveness values have shown the meaningful results with the experimental values.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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