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Studies on Impact of Inlet Viscosity Ratio, Decay Rate and Length Scales in a Cooled Turbine Stage

[+] Author Affiliations
Karthik Srinivasan

QuEST Global, Bangalore, India

David Newman

Rolls-Royce Plc, Derby, UK

Paper No. GTINDIA2013-3586, pp. V001T02A008; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/GTINDIA2013-3586
From:
  • ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • ASME 2013 Gas Turbine India Conference
  • Bangalore, Karnataka, India, December 5–6, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-3516-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by Rolls-Royce plc

abstract

Modern aircraft engine designs are driven towards higher operating temperature and lower coolant flow requirements. During the flight mission, the hot gas path components encounter flows at different pressure, temperature and turbulence conditions. During design of such components, there is always an interest towards fundamental understanding of the impact of inlet turbulence on overall performance. The paper presents aerodynamic performance (stage efficiency) impact of stator inlet viscosity ratio, decay rate and length scales in a cooled turbine rig, based on CFD studies only. Through CFD studies, it is observed that an inlet length scale variation by 10 times could impact the aerodynamic efficiency by ∼0.5% to 4% depending on the size of the length scale. Efficiency drops with higher flow length scales and turbulence intensity. The length scale effects are observed to be more predominant with high turbulence intensities than at low turbulence intensities. Similarly a viscosity ratio increase by 1000 times can decrease efficiency by < 0.5% in the lower bounds and can drastically increase to ∼ 3% at higher bounds. The efficiency drop can be as much as 2.5 % for a decay rate change from 0.01 to 1 for viscosity ratio of 10000.

Copyright © 2013 by Rolls-Royce plc
Topics: Viscosity , Turbines

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