0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Determining Transfer Length in Pre-Tensioned Concrete Railroad Ties: Is a New Evaluation Method Needed?

[+] Author Affiliations
Weixin Zhao, B. Terry Beck, Robert J. Peterman, Chih-Hang John Wu, Naga Narendra B. Bodapati

Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS

Grace Lee

Independent Scholar, Manhattan, KS

Paper No. RTDF2013-4727, pp. V001T01A017; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/RTDF2013-4727
From:
  • ASME 2013 Rail Transportation Division Fall Technical Conference
  • ASME 2013 Rail Transportation Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Altoona, Pennsylvania, USA, October 15–17, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Rail Transportation Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5611-6
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

The transfer length is perhaps the most significant KEY indicator of the bond quality between reinforcing wire/strand and concrete, and its measurement in pre-tensioned concrete railroad ties can enable concrete tie producers to identify problem ties before they are put into service. The 95% AMS method is the traditional method used to determine the transfer length from measurements of surface strain. The method generally presumes the underlying existence of a bilinear strain profile. During recent field trips to six concrete railroad tie plants, we conducted hundreds of transfer length measurements on concrete railroad cross-ties using a newly developed automated Laser Speckle Imaging device. It has been observed that many of the strain profiles depart significantly from this underlying bilinear profile, and bring to question the general validity and applicability of the 95% AMS (95% Average Maximum Strain) method. This paper discusses the difficulties with accurate determination of transfer length in various practical situations using the traditional 95% AMS method. Deviations of the strain profiles from the simple bilinear shape are shown to be partially due to the non-prismatic shape of typical concrete railroad ties. In addition, computational evidence suggests that the underlying strain distribution may be exponential in nature, with an asymptotic approach to the fully-developed compressive strain, potentially superimposed on the non-prismatic problem identified above. These departures are discussed along with proposed solutions to the basic problem of accurate transfer length assessment.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In