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Development and Optimization of a Two-Valve Spark-Ignition Direct-Injection (SIDI) Small Block Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
David J. Cleary, Ronald O. Grover, Jr.

General Motors Research and Development, Warren, MI

David P. Sczomak

General Motors Powertrain, Pontiac, MI

Paper No. ICEF2013-19168, pp. V001T03A021; 12 pages
  • ASME 2013 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Volume 1: Large Bore Engines; Advanced Combustion; Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids
  • Dearborn, Michigan, USA, October 13–16, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5609-3
  • Copyright © 2013 by General Motors


A systems approach is implemented to fully optimize the overall performance of a gasoline SIDI two-valve “small block” engine. The objective is to maximize fuel economy while achieving significant improvements in idle stability, cold-start emissions, and torque and power performance relative a baseline port-fuel-injected (PFI) engine. The scope includes the optimization of the fuel injector, piston, cylinder head, cams, in-cylinder charge motion, and the intake-manifold. The results show that the SIDI engine provides the potential to achieve 6.5% better fuel economy; a result of higher efficiency when implementing a higher geometric compression ratio and significantly better combustion performance. A multiple fuel-injection strategy is examined to provide lower HC emissions at a representative cold-start operating condition. The engine’s idle stability is improved by a factor of three; the individual contributions from a better combustion system design and from multiple fuel injections are identified. The new SIDI engine concept demonstrated significantly better wide-open-throttle (WOT) performance, including up to 10% higher torque and 6% more power when using premium fuel. This document further demonstrates the performance sensitivity to engine design variables while emphasizing the importance of using a systems approach to achieve optimized performance for the direct-injection engine technology.

Copyright © 2013 by General Motors



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