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Public Involvement on Closure of Asse II Radioactive Waste Repository in Germany

[+] Author Affiliations
Beate Kallenbach-Herbert

Öko-Institut e.V., Darmstadt, Germany

Paper No. ICEM2013-96090, pp. V002T05A008; 6 pages
  • ASME 2013 15th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management
  • Volume 2: Facility Decontamination and Decommissioning; Environmental Remediation; Environmental Management/Public Involvement/Crosscutting Issues/Global Partnering
  • Brussels, Belgium, September 8–12, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division, Environmental Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5602-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


From 1967 to 1978, about 125,800 barrels of low- and intermediate level waste were disposed of — nominally for research purposes — in the former “Asse” salt mine which had before been used for the production of potash for many years. Since 1988 an inflow of brine is being observed which will cause dangers of flooding and of a collapse due to salt weakening and dissolution if it should increase.

Since several years the closure of the Asse repository is planned with the objective to prevent the flooding and collapse of the mine and the release of radioactive substances to the biosphere.

The first concept that was presented by the former operator, however, seemed completely unacceptable to regional representatives from politics and NGOs. Their activities against these plans made the project a top issue on the political agenda from the federal to the local level.

The paper traces the main reasons which lead to the severe safety problems in the past as well as relevant changes in the governance system today. A focus is put on the process for public involvement in which the Citizens’ Advisory Group “A2B” forms the core measure. Its structure and framework, experience and results, expectations from inside and outside perspectives are presented.

Furthermore the question is tackled how far this process can serve as an example for a participatory approach in a siting process for a geological repository for high active waste which can be expected to be highly contested in the affected regions.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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