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Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Combustion Flows for Coaxial Jet Cluster Burner

[+] Author Affiliations
Keita Yunoki, Tomoya Murota, Keisuke Miura, Teruyuki Okazaki

Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. POWER2013-98143, pp. V001T01A018; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/POWER2013-98143
From:
  • ASME 2013 Power Conference
  • Volume 1: Fuels and Combustion, Material Handling, Emissions; Steam Generators; Heat Exchangers and Cooling Systems; Turbines, Generators and Auxiliaries; Plant Operations and Maintenance
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, July 29–August 1, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5605-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

We have developed a burner for the gas turbine combustor, which was high efficiency and low environmental load. This burner is named the “coaxial jet cluster burner” and, as the name indicates, it has multiple fuel nozzles and holes in a coaxial arrangement. To form lean premixed combustion, this burner mixes fuel and air in the multiple holes rapidly. The burner can change the combustion form between premixed and non-premixed combustion by controlling the mixing. However, the combustion field coexisting with premixed and non-premixed combustion is complicated. The phenomena that occur in the combustion field should be understood in detail.

Therefore, we have developed the hybrid turbulent combustion (HTC) model to calculate the form in which non-premixed flame coexists with premixed flame. Turbulent flow has been simulated using a large eddy simulation (LES) with a dynamic sub grid scale (SGS) model coupled with the HTC model. These models were programmed to a simulation tool based on the OpenFOAM library. However, there were unclear points about their applicability to an actual machine evaluation and the predictive precision of CO concentration which affects burner performance. In this study, we validate the HTC model by comparing its results with measured gas temperature and gas concentration distributions obtained with a coaxial jet cluster burner test rig under atmospheric pressure. In addition, we analyze the CO generation mechanism for the lean premixed combustion in the burner.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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