Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Assessment of Stabilization Mechanisms of Confined, Turbulent, Lifted Jet Flames: Effects of Ambient Coflow

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrew R. Hutchins, James D. Kribs, Richard D. Muncey, Kevin M. Lyons

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

Paper No. POWER2013-98033, pp. V001T01A005; 6 pages
  • ASME 2013 Power Conference
  • Volume 1: Fuels and Combustion, Material Handling, Emissions; Steam Generators; Heat Exchangers and Cooling Systems; Turbines, Generators and Auxiliaries; Plant Operations and Maintenance
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, July 29–August 1, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5605-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The aim of this investigation is to determine the effects of confinement on the stabilization of turbulent, lifted methane (CH4) jet flames. A confinement cylinder (stainless steel) separates the coflow from the ambient air and restricts excess room air from being entrained into the combustion chamber, and thus produces varying stabilization patterns. The experiments were executed using fully confined, semi-confined, and unconfined conditions, as well as by varying fuel flow rate and coflow velocity (ambient air flowing in the same direction as the fuel jet). Methane flames experience liftoff and blowout at well-known conditions for unconfined jets, however, it was determined that with semi-confined conditions the flame does not experience blowout. Instead of the conventional unconfined stabilization patterns, an intense, intermittent behavior of the flame was observed. This sporadic behavior of the flame, while under semi-confinement, was determined to be a result from the restricted oxidizer access as well as the asymmetrical boundary layer that forms due to the viewing window. While under full confinement the flame behaved in a similar method as while under no confinement (full ambient air access). The stable nature of the flame while fully confined lacked the expected change in leading edge fluctuations that normally occur in turbulent jet flames. These behaviors address the combustion chemistry (lack of oxygen), turbulent mixing, and heat release that combine to produce the observed phenomena.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Turbulence , Flames



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In