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Effects of Hydrogen Enrichment on the Reattachment and Hysteresis of Lifted Methane Flames

[+] Author Affiliations
James D. Kribs, Andrew R. Hutchins, William A. Reach, Tamir S. Hasan, Kevin M. Lyons

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC

Paper No. POWER2013-98031, pp. V001T01A004; 6 pages
  • ASME 2013 Power Conference
  • Volume 1: Fuels and Combustion, Material Handling, Emissions; Steam Generators; Heat Exchangers and Cooling Systems; Turbines, Generators and Auxiliaries; Plant Operations and Maintenance
  • Boston, Massachusetts, USA, July 29–August 1, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Power Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5605-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of hydrogen enrichment on the stability of lifted, partially premixed, methane flames. Due to the relatively large burning velocity of hydrogen-air flames when compared to that of typical hydrocarbon-air flames, hydrogen enriched hydrocarbon flames are able to create stable lifted flames at higher velocities. In order to assess the impact of hydrogen enrichment, a selection of studies in lifted and attached flames were initiated. Experiments were performed that focused on the amount of hydrogen needed to reattach a stable, lifted methane jet flame above the nozzle. Although high fuel velocities strain the flame and cause it to stabilize away from the nozzle, the high burning velocity of hydrogen is clearly a dominant factor, where as the lifted position of the flame increased, the amount of hydrogen needed to reattach the flame increased at the same rate. In addition, it was observed that as the amount of hydrogen in the central jet increased, the change in flame liftoff height increased and hysteresis became more pronounced. It was found that the hysteresis regime, where the flame could either be stabilized at the nozzle or in air, shifted considerably due to the presence of a small amount of hydrogen in the fuel stream. The effects of the hydrogen enrichment, however small the amount of hydrogen compared to the overall jet velocity, was the major factor in the flame stabilization, even showing discernible effects on the flame structure.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Flames , Hydrogen , Methane



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