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Marginal Stability in ℒ1-Adaptive Control of Manipulators

[+] Author Affiliations
Kim-Doang Nguyen, Harry Dankowicz, Naira Hovakimyan

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL

Paper No. DETC2013-12744, pp. V07AT10A055; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2013-12744
From:
  • ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 7A: 9th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control
  • Portland, Oregon, USA, August 4–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5596-6
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the robustness of a recently-proposed adaptive controller for robot manipulators based on the ℒ1 control paradigm. Here, the use of a low-pass filter in the control input decouples the estimation loop from the control loop, thereby facilitating an arbitrary increase of estimation rates (limited only by hardware) without sacrificing robustness. Tuning of the filter also allows for shaping the nominal response and enhancing the system’s robustness. The paper further demonstrates improvements in the critical time delay associated with a static reference input achieved through the introduction of time delay in the state-predictor formulation. Guided by results from the theory of single-input-single-output ℒ1 control systems, a linear, time-invariant system is proposed in order to derive a conservative lower bound on the system’s actuator critical time delay for static reference input in the limit of large estimation gains, as an indicator of robustness. Finally, a numerical method is proposed for quantifying the robustness against time delay of the system’s response to a given static reference input based on techniques of parameter continuation. This method computes the critical time delay at which local stability is lost in a Hopf bifurcation. The dependence of this critical time delay on control parameters, such as adaptive gains and filter bandwidth, is here obtained using advanced algorithms for computing approximate covers of implicitly defined manifolds.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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