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High-Fidelity Modeling of a Backhoe Digging Operation Using an Explicit Multibody Dynamics Code With Integrated Discrete Particle Modeling Capability

[+] Author Affiliations
Shahriar G. Ahmadi, Tamer M. Wasfy

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN

Hatem M. Wasfy, Jeanne M. Peters

Advanced Science and Automation Corp., Indianapolis, IN

Paper No. DETC2013-12896, pp. V07AT10A031; 13 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 7A: 9th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control
  • Portland, Oregon, USA, August 4–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5596-6
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


A high-fidelity multibody dynamics model for simulating a backhoe digging operation is presented. The backhoe components including: frame, manipulator, track, wheels and sprockets are modeled as rigid bodies. The soil is modeled using cubic shaped particles for simulating sand with appropriate inter-particle normal and frictional forces. A penalty technique is used to impose both joint and normal contact constraints (including track-wheels, track-terrain, bucket-particles and particles-particles contact). An asperity-based friction model is used to model joint and contact friction. A Cartesian Eulerian grid contact search algorithm is used to allow fast contact detection between particles. A recursive bounding box contact search algorithm is used to allow fast contact detection between polygonal contact surfaces. The governing equations of motion are solved along with joint/constraint equations using a time-accurate explicit solution procedure. The model can help improve the performance of construction equipment by predicting the actuator and joint forces and the vehicle stability during digging for various vehicle design alternatives.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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