0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

A Fatal Accident Case and Lessons for Entertainment Engineering

[+] Author Affiliations
Kenji Iino

Sydrose LP, San Jose, CA

Masayuki Nakao

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. DETC2013-12133, pp. V004T05A022; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2013-12133
From:
  • ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 18th Design for Manufacturing and the Life Cycle Conference; 2013 ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications
  • Portland, Oregon, USA, August 4–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5591-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

On May 5th, 2007, a six-car stand-up roller coaster Fujin-Raijin II, during a ride, dropped one of its two wheel assemblies from the second car. Losing its balance, the second car tilted to the left by about 45 degrees. The rider in the left side of the front row jammed her head between the passenger support structure and the handrail of the maintenance walkway and was killed instantly. The next day, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) instructed a nationwide inspection of similar attractions.

Investigations revealed that the main axle had a crack caused by metal fatigue and the owner of the amusement park, bankrupt in 2009, had been running the coaster for 15 years without changing the axle and reporting “in good condition” upon visual inspection only. The applicable law required, and still does, annual testing with magnetic particles, ultrasound, or liquid penetrant. The axle, at the time of its failure, had only about 25% of cross-sectional area remaining intact where the crack had grown. A maintenance worker later reported looseness with the axle fit in the pressure-receiving hole. The fit was originally designed tight to receive the bending force.

People pay and wait in long lines for the excitement of unusual thrill from short amusement rides. The rides take passengers through unusual movements and G-forces to make them scream and laugh. Mechanical parts of the vehicles thus are subjected to unusual loading conditions. Machine design for such rides requires serious design reviews, failure analysis, frequent inspection, and thorough maintenance. Engineering ethics call for amusement park owners’ and workers’ awareness of design and operations for an unusual environment.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In