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Optimization of the Shock Mitigation Layer in the Space Frame Joints of an Armored Vehicle

[+] Author Affiliations
Jagadeep Thota, Mohamed Trabia, Brendan O’Toole

University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV

Chang-Hyun Lee, Hong-Lae Park, Man-Hoi Koo

Agency for Defence Development, Daejeon, South Korea

Kyoung-Hoon Lee, Ho-bum Kim

Hyundai Rotem Company, Uiwang, South Korea

Paper No. DETC2013-13304, pp. V03AT03A004; 10 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 3A: 39th Design Automation Conference
  • Portland, Oregon, USA, August 4–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5588-1
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Armored vehicles have to survive multiple threats such as projectile or land mines. The shocks induced by these threats can harm vehicle occupants or damage sensitive electronic components. Therefore, a goal of modern armored vehicle design is to reduce transmitted shocks to critical components. In this paper, finite element (FE) models of an armored vehicle prototype having the internal space frame structure with the aforementioned features are developed. One model comprises of only solid elements, while another model is created with purely beam elements. The beam elements model is used for optimization studies whose objective is to reduce the shocks within the vehicle, due to mine blast while maintaining its overall structural integrity. The thickness of the rubberized shock mitigation layer at the joints of the space frame is varied during the optimization process. The optimization problem is solved using the Successive Heuristic Quadratic Approximation (SHQA) algorithm, which combines successive quadratic approximation with an adaptive random search while varying the bounds of the search space. The entire optimization process is carried out within the MATLAB environment. The results show that a significant reduction in the shock can be achieved using this approach.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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