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Sensitivity Analysis of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics in PAM-CRASH for Modeling of Soft Soils

[+] Author Affiliations
Ranvir Dhillon, Moustafa El-Gindy, Rustam Ali

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada

David Philipps

Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Greensboro, NC

Fredrik Öijer, Inge Johansson

Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Göteborg, Sweden

Paper No. DETC2013-12024, pp. V001T01A015; 9 pages
  • ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1: 15th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle Technologies; 10th International Conference on Design Education; 7th International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems
  • Portland, Oregon, USA, August 4–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5584-3
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The rapid progression of computational power and development of non-mesh particle modeling techniques provides solutions to problems which are not accurately modeled using traditional finite element analysis techniques. The field of soft soil modeling has been pressing on in recent years and the smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) modeling method in PAM-CRASH provides opportunity for further advancement in accuracy.

This research focuses on the development of soft soil models using SPH with verification using pressure-sinkage and shear strength criterion. Soil model parameters such as geometry and contact model are varied to determine the effect of the parameters on the behaviour of the soft soil and relationships are developed. The developed virtual soil models are compared against existing soils to determine which soils are accurately modeled and further refinements are made to validate the models with existing empirical data.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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