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A Design Proposal and Assessment of In-Vessel Retention Strategy for 2nd Generation PWR

[+] Author Affiliations
Yabing Li, Lili Tong, Xuewu Cao

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Paper No. ICONE21-15145, pp. V006T16A003; 5 pages
  • 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6: Beyond Design Basis Events; Student Paper Competition
  • Chengdu, China, July 29–August 2, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5583-6
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In order to satisfy the higher safety requirements after the Fukushima Accident, in-vessel retention (IVR) strategy is suggested to be a measure for the improvement for the operating 2nd generation Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). In this paper, a design of passive cavity flooding system isproposed for the 2nd generation modified PWR with reference to the design of in-containment refueling water storage tank (IRWST)for AP1000, and the IVR assessmentis evaluated with the risk oriented accident analysis methodology (ROAAM). Seven representational accident sequences are selected for the IVR assessment and analyzed by lumped-parameter safety analysis computer code. Accident analysis focuses on four key parameters forthe assessment, that is, decay power, zirconium oxidation fraction, and both the mass of oxidic pool and metal layer. The values of them are obtained through analysis and used for the assessment. The probability density distributions of those parameters are determined by combining the analysis results and engineering judgment. The success probability of IVR from the viewpoint of thermal failure is predicted using a program written by the Matlab code. Furthermore, some sensitivity analysis and parametric studies are investigated to support the assessment. The assessment result shows that the success probability of the cavity injection system is higher than 99%. Detail analysis about system reliability and feasibility is needed for further work.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



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