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Estimation of Fukushima-Daiichi NPS PCV Cooling States Based on Measurement Data After Nitrogen Injection

[+] Author Affiliations
Ryoko Ichikawa, Yasuhiro Masuhara

Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. ICONE21-16898, pp. V006T15A028; 7 pages
  • 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 6: Beyond Design Basis Events; Student Paper Competition
  • Chengdu, China, July 29–August 2, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5583-6
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


The cooling states in the PCV are not clear after the TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi NPS accident. But from the standpoint of the long-term stability cooling, the understanding of the PCV cooling condition is important.

Therefore, the simple method was developed in which the PCV water and gas leak diameters and those locations, etc. could be estimated based on the time transient data. By applying this method to Fukushima Daiichi NPS accident after the nitrogen injection for prevention of the hydrogen explosion, the PCV leak locations, diameters and partial pressures, etc. were estimated.

It was found that the partial pressure of hydrogen and oxygen was kept low and the nitrogen injection to PCV was effective as a prevention of hydrogen explosion. The decay heat from the fuel was mainly removed by the sub-cooling water injected and steam condensation on the PCV wall. The heat release by leakage was estimated to be small.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Nitrogen



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