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Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulic Phenomena Caused by Steam Jets in AP1000 Containment

[+] Author Affiliations
Yingqiu Hu, Yu Yu, Fenglei Niu

North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China

Xin Liu, Ruichang Zhao

State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation, Beijing, China

Paper No. ICONE21-15226, pp. V003T10A014; 4 pages
  • 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 3: Nuclear Safety and Security; Codes, Standards, Licensing and Regulatory Issues; Computational Fluid Dynamics and Coupled Codes
  • Chengdu, China, July 29–August 2, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5580-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


In order to get a better analysis of the thermal hydraulic phenomena related to steam jets in AP1000 containment, a model based on the actual AP1000 containment size has been used to simulate the steam jet injection at different positions with different velocities of the containment. ANSYS CFX is used to get the temperature profiles of the ambient fluid. From the results of the simulation, stratification can be expected in the gas spaces of the containment, because the temperature only changes along with the vertical height, due to the heat or mass transfer processes between the air and the steam jets. It can be predicted that the hot air rises and eventually stratification forms, with lighter air overlying the heavier air. In this paper, strong and weak steam jet injections have been both simulated by ANSYS CFX, however, it turned out that stable stratification phenomena can only be found in weak steam jet injections, strong injections can’t form obvious stratification. This is very important for the design and operation of AP1000 containment, and can help us to study the long-term containment behavior during LOCAs.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME
Topics: Jets , Steam , Containment



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