Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Spent Fuel Pool Accidents in a Nordic BWR

[+] Author Affiliations
Niina E. Könönen

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Paper No. ICONE21-15641, pp. V003T06A020; 9 pages
  • 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 3: Nuclear Safety and Security; Codes, Standards, Licensing and Regulatory Issues; Computational Fluid Dynamics and Coupled Codes
  • Chengdu, China, July 29–August 2, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5580-5
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME


Loss-of-pool-cooling accidents at the spent fuel pools in the reactor hall of a Nordic BWR have been studied using the MELCOR 1.8.6 code. Studies were made with several different calculation nodalizations. Other investigated variables were the total decay heat power of fuel assemblies in the pool, the initiator of the accident (loss of pool cooling or loss of coolant from the pool), the LOCA leak elevation, the alignment of the re-flooding injection and the use of a lid on top of the pool.

From the results it was observed that ensuring natural circulation of air in the fuel is essential in preventing fuel damages. In cases where the air flow is prevented (loss of pool cooling, LOCA break elevation above the bottom of fuel assemblies or a lid on top of the pool) the fuel is damaged in nearly all cases. Only with the pool decay power being sufficiently low (2227 kW) the melting of the fuel was prevented.

If water injection to the SFP can be restarted before the fuel temperature reaches the cladding failure criterion (1173 K), the rewetting of fuel assemblies is successful and the fuel temperatures will quickly decrease and the assemblies will remain intact. The re-flooding of already damaged fuel assemblies will also cool the fuel rods and reduce the radioactive releases to the environment. However, it may result in greater hydrogen releases.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In