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High-Temperature Steam Oxidation Kinetics and Mechanism of SCWR Fuel Cladding Candidate Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
Hiroshi Abe, Seung Mo Hong, Yutaka Watanabe

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Paper No. ICONE21-16432, pp. V001T02A038; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE21-16432
From:
  • 2013 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • Volume 1: Plant Operations, Maintenance, Engineering, Modifications, Life Cycle and Balance of Plant; Nuclear Fuel and Materials; Radiation Protection and Nuclear Technology Applications
  • Chengdu, China, July 29–August 2, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5578-2
  • Copyright © 2013 by ASME

abstract

Effects of temperature, dissolved oxygen (DO), and degree of cold work (CW) on the oxidation kinetics of supercritical-water-cooled reactor (SCWR) fuel cladding candidate materials, including three types of 15Cr-20Ni austenitic stainless steels (1520 SSs), in superheated steam have been investigated assuming power-law kinetics. Characteristics of oxide layers and its relation to oxidation behaviors are also discussed. The effect of DO on the weight gain behavior in superheated steam at 700 °C was minor for all specimens at least up to 200 ppb DO. The tube-shaped specimens of 1520 SSs showed very good oxidation resistance at 700–780 °C. There was no clear difference in the oxidation kinetics among the three investigated types of 1520 SSs. The degree of CW is a significant parameter to mitigate oxidation in superheated steam. It has been suggested that the tube specimens showed a very slow oxidation kinetics since Cr diffusion in the outside surface of the tubes is accelerated as a result of an increase of dislocation density and/or grain refinement by a high degree of CW.

Copyright © 2013 by ASME

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